China will lead the world with in sub-6 GHz 5G deployments followed by countries such as Japan, Korea, and northern Europe, according to a new report from Mobile Experts. The United States will join when it has spectrum available, while central/southern Europe and the rest of the world will be slower to respond.
“We see a massive surge in 5G coming in China below 5 GHz,” said Principal Analyst Kyung Mun. “It will be followed by a more incremental rise in other countries around the world. Using our GkM traffic density model and some rigorous ROI analysis, we have demonstrated just how this will happen, and where the growth of 5G will be dissimilar to LTE.”
The Mobile Experts report notes that overall, the integration of Massive MIMO with passive antennas will be key to achieving small size in the RRH. Simply deploying a separate active antenna/radio unit would not be ideal, especially in markets with leased towers where the additional lease space could cost thousands of dollars per month. An appendix included in the report explains multiple example of active-passive antenna products.
“The radio configuration has not settled down yet,” remarked Chief Analyst Joe Madden. “We see variations ranging from 4T4R to 1024T1024R, at multiple power levels and in multiple bands. That’s a lot of fragmentation, but we have been able to identify how a few choices that will emerge from the confusion.”
Subscribers to Mobile Experts research will receive the full report, which contains detailed and comprehensive cost analysis for 5G networks and client devices. It also includes more than 30 photos of each competitor’s Massive MIMO products, as well as competitive analysis of size and power efficiency for each vendor. The report covers high-level concepts such as Mobile Edge Computing, Cloud RAN architecture, Stand-Alone and Non-Standalone network usage, 5G Synchronization, Network Slicing, and RF semiconductor comparisons.
The 5G forecast provides a clear view of the direction for 5G networks, as well as client devices ranging from handsets to tablets, PCs, CPEs, and IoT devices.
To find out more about this report, click here.
Vapor IO, an edge computing and edge data center company, plans to offer 5G-as-a-Service (5GaaS) over its Kinetic Edge product. This offering consists of 5G-capable infrastructure and connectivity deployed to edge locations and packaged as a “pay as you go” service, launching first in Chicago later this year as part of Vapor IO’s Project Volutus.
“As wireless technology moves to commoditized x86 and ARM servers, cloud-like operating models will become the de facto standard,” said Cole Crawford, founder and CEO of Vapor IO. “Spectrum owners should not have to build a distributed data center footprint from scratch when they can lease 5G infrastructure capacity on demand.
“Just as public cloud providers use hyperscale data centers in centralized locations to deliver compute-as-a-service, Project Volutus, in combination with this 5GaaS offering, will use Vapor IO’s Kinetic Edge micro data centers in regions optimized to deliver 5G-capable infrastructure-as-a-service,” he added.
Project Volutus ecosystem partners include Crown Castle, Intel, Flex, the Open19 Foundation, Vapor IO, Packet and others.
Vapor IO will collaborate with Packet, a provider of on-demand dedicated computer servers, on the deployment and operations of the 5GaaS offering. Vapor IO will oversee the physical facilities, operate the lit fiber networking, and provide real-time infrastructure management. Packet will operate the compute-as-a-service as an “on demand” utility, making 5G-enabled infrastructure available in minutes.
Telcos and spectrum owners, as well as users of unlicensed spectrum, will be able to deploy 5G services using both flexible hourly and spot market models, as well as with long-term reservations that offer discounts based on commitments.
“5G-as-a-Service is a logical extension of the centralized cloud computing model, only delivered in edge data centers with carrier-grade equipment,” said Zachary Smith co-founder and CEO of Packet. “With this partnership, operators and content players can deploy 5G infrastructure with the agility and economics of the traditional cloud, powering new low-latency services at the network edge.”
Some of the benefits of 5G-as-a-Service include:
KP Performance Antennas has introduced a new 34-inch-tall MIMO sector antenna operating in the popular 5 GHz band that features 8 inputs and HV-polarization.
KP’s new KP-5HVX8-65 sector antenna features dual-horizontal/vertical-polarization with a 65° azimuth beamwidth and eight ports, all within a single 34-inch radome. It delivers high gain over a wide bandwidth of 4.9 GHz to 6.4 GHz with up to 17.5 dBi gain at 5.9 GHz. The antenna is supplied with a robust, universal adjustable bracket with wide U-bolts for mounting on poles or tower legs up to 3.5-inches in diameter.
This sector antenna from KP Performance has eight 5 GHz ports with collocated patterns all facing in the same direction. Connecting two four-port radios provides additional redundancy and can be leveraged to increase capacity by using separate channels on each radio. Pairing the sector with two of Mimosa’s A5C radios (4 ports each) provides an additional +2 dBi beamforming gain, which allows for extremely long shots with Mimosa’s high client speeds. Four of these antennas mounted to a tower provides complete 360° coverage which can be increased to six antennas for more dense applications.
“This new generation of multi-port antennas delivers true MIMO speed while being able to support twice as many customers with just one single sector,” explains Justin Pollock, Ph.D., Antenna Engineer at KP Performance Antennas. “With only one mounting point on a tower, this single sector lowers infrastructure and installation costs in comparison to using two or four single-band sectors, making this a very attractive cost saving product for many of our WISP clients.”
Cobham Wireless has delivered its Massive MIMO (Multiple-In-Multiple-Out) test solution to China Mobile Research Institute, to enable the operator to benefit from the capacity and performance gains of digital Massive MIMO technology.
The concept of digital Massive MIMO has been introduced in 4.5G technology, vastly improving network capacity and energy efficiency by increasing the number of data signals that can be sent and received. The technology can improve end-user experience by directing signal to areas where there is high-bandwidth demand, and away from areas where less energy is required. However, testing the performance of multiple signals remains a big challenge for the industry.
To address this, Cobham Wireless has worked together with China Mobile Research Institute and developed a scalable, multi-beam Massive MIMO performance test solution. It offers a cost effective and efficient way to validate Massive MIMO core technologies and system functions. It involves testing the technology in a virtualised environment that can simulate hundreds of real world conditions and different beam-based capacity performance scenarios. The solution sets the benchmark for 5G Massive MIMO lab testing, which until now has consisted of simple capacity or limited-scale performance scenarios. The innovative approach to test the Massive MIMO will facilitate to shorten the time to market of 5G NR products for field trial and the later commercial launch.
Huawei has engaged in another 5G field trial with NTT DOCOMO and TOBU Railway in Tokyo, which initiated by Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan (MIC).
The system trial was conducted as part of NTT DOCOMO’s contract of MIC’s 5G Field Trial with an aim to research technical conditions to use the 28 GHz band and other candidate spectrums for 5G in dense urban area by investigating into radio propagation characteristics as well as evaluating 5G system performance with focus on enhanced Mobile Broad Band (eMBB) applications.
In December 2017, Huawei had succeeded in 5G long-distance and high-speed data transmission between TOKYO and a shopping facility at TOBU Railway’s Asakusa Station on the 28GHz band together with NTT DOCOMO and TOBU RAILWAY. Huawei also evaluated 5G system performance when creating an immersive video communication with clear voice calls and smooth video footage by using Microsoft HoloLens connected to the end to end 5G network used for the long-distance and high-speed data transmission.
Huawei, as a partner of NTT DOCOMO’s 5G experimental trial and contract of MIC’s 5G Field Trial, will continue to evaluate 5G data transmission and system performance required for video communication services toward Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games and beyond.