The global 5G network infrastructure, which is the software and hardware resources that facilitate 5G connections, operations, communication and management of enterprise networks, is expected to have a CAGR of 70 percent during 2016-2023, according to report by Research and Markets.
The net market revenue is projected to reach up to $28 billion. 5G technology can add up to approximately 34 percent in the telecommunications sector by 2026, as stated by Ericsson. The deployment of 5G technology provides several advantages such as high-speed data transmission, more efficiency than 3G and 4G, and large bandwidth shaping. It will have applications across telecommunication, IT, education, retail etc. .
Countries currently working towards the advancement of 5G technology are United States, South Korea, Japan and China. The global 5G network infrastructure market is significantly influenced by the presence of major companies deploying 5G technology such as Samsung, Ericsson, Nokia, Qualcomm, Intel Corporation and others.
North America is expected to be the leading market for 5G network infrastructure technology, because of the growth of smart phone use in the United States. In 2016, 77 percent of Americans used smartphones
The United States is a strong player of the R&D of 5G, as well, with carriers such as T-Mobile have plans for establishing 5G network infrastructure here. Also, the U.S.- based market players such Verizon Communication and AT&T have successfully done 5G trials to ensure the deployment of 5G technology by 2023.
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By now, there are endless missives about the show. It is covered from every angle, sideways, top to bottom and there is plenty of rerun for the content, in case anyone missed it. Therefore, I am not going to talk about the show itself. There is one thing that I haven’t seen discussed in reviews and op-eds is a movement that I see being one of the core issues around 5G – spectral efficiency. While there were many schemes to make spectrum more efficient in all that I saw, what I am about to discuss may be a hidden gem in the 5G bandwidth game – a new approach to optimizing spectrum.
Two companies stood out; Cohere and Movandi. While it is hard to decide, which one impressed me the most, Cohere really seems to be on the edge of something new, novel and very exciting.
Cohere has developed what may be a truly revolutionary modulation platform for next-generation networks. They term it Orthogonal Time Frequency and Space (OTFS) modulation for wireless networks. I saw it work, and it is impressive. While there is not enough space here to delve into the details, if it does in general availability what it does in theory and the setup I saw, the future of high-speed, massive device communications enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) is just around the corner.
Essentially, OTFS supports gigabit broadband at 500 km/h (essential for tomorrow’s smart transportation), as well as high capacity. And, it is realistically implementable from both the economic and technological perspectives.
In a nutshell, OTFS implements a 2-dimensional representation of the channel, making all wireless transmission resilient to channel dynamics regardless of conditions. Technologically, OTFS can deliver a stable, reliable, predictable and consistent signal everywhere that scales linearly with the network.
This is a tall order and not much impresses me. This did. Look for a full feature on this technology in the winter issue of Applied Wireless Technology.
While both Cohere and Movandi are after the same goal, Movandi approaches it differently. Movandi’s goal is to reinvent multi-gigabit, millimeter-wave networks.
Movandi brings a unique way of solving what is a big challenge today. I saw the demo and it certainly looks promising. Its approach is to work at the higher-frequency millimeter waves, which are a key platform for the success of 5G. The company’s approach enables infrastructure providers and operators to unlock the massive benefit associated with the data rates and latencies at these higher frequencies.
While Cohere focuses on the signal, Movandi focuses on the next-generation system elements necessary to close the communication link. The approach is novel, since it targets RF front-end design by taking a new look at the antenna, radio and associated algorithms and how they can be reworked or reinvented to offer the robust communications of 5G.
By using a system level design approach, this technology has the potential to deliver the next generation of performance. Additionally, it is designed with cost and size as a metric so it can be implemented across a wide array of 5G platforms as well as other multi-gigabit millimeter communication applications.
Now, not to short the other vendors at this show. I talked with many of the regulars; R & S, Anritsu, H & S, Zinwave, Comtec, Senet, Commscope, just to mention a few, as well as edge-of-the-envelope innovators such as Cohere and Movandi.
Since this was the first time this show has appeared in it reinvented form, it will be interesting to see how it matures over the years. I think they are on the right track. Meanwhile, see you in L.A. in 2018.
Ernest Worthman is the Executive Editor of Applied Wireless Technology magazine. A Life Member of the IEEE, his 20-plus years of editorial experience includes being the Editorial Director of Wireless Design and Development and Fiber Optic Technology, the Editor of RF Design, the Technical Editor of Communications Magazine, Cellular Business, Global Communications and a Contributing Technical Editor to Mobile Radio Technology, Satellite Communications, as well as computer-related periodicals such as Windows NT.
Federated Wireless has launched a spectrum controller for access, management and optimization of the FCC’s Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) 3.5GHz shared spectrum band.
Additionally, the firm closed on a $42M Series B round of funding, including investments from wireless industry ecosystem partners Charter Communications, American Tower, ARRIS International and GIC, Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund.
“Spectrum sharing will dramatically reduce the cost of delivering wireless services, with our technology serving as the onramp,” said Iyad Tarazi, CEO of Federated Wireless. “The commercial availability of our Spectrum Controller and the investment of the wireless industry in the company will enable us to cement our leadership position and capitalize on the rapid industry shift to shared spectrum set to begin this year.”
The Federated Wireless Spectrum Controller allows Mobile Operators, Cable Operators, Broadband Wireless Access Providers, Managed Service Providers and Enterprises across industries, to leverage CBRS when and where they need it. As a result, spectrum efficiency and utilization is not only increased, but the economics for delivering spectrum-based services and applications are dramatically improved for operators and enterprises. The technology allows for the bolstering of existing carrier and LTE networks, and for commercial and industrial properties to launch robust LTE networks for advanced applications.
At Mobile World Congress Americas, Sprint and Ericsson announced the results of the first U.S. 2.5 GHz Massive MIMO (multiple input, multiple output) field tests conducted in Seattle, Washington and Plano, Texas using Sprint’s spectrum and Ericsson’s 64T64R (64 transmit, 64 receive) radios. The two companies are preparing for commercial deployment next year, with Massive MIMO radios capable of increasing Sprint’s network capacity up to ten times.
Dr. John Saw, Sprint CTO, said, “Massive MIMO is a tremendous competitive advantage for Sprint, enabling us to maximize our deep 2.5 GHz spectrum holdings.”
Testing of Massive MIMO on the Sprint LTE Plus network in downtown Seattle showed a capacity increase of approximately four times compared to an 8T8R antenna. To showcase this capacity, Sprint convened 100 people with Samsung Galaxy S7 phones and ran simultaneous file downloads on a timed-test on all networks. The testing showed a 100 percent success rate on the Massive MIMO-powered Sprint network.
In Plano, Texas, Sprint and Ericsson also recently tested Ericsson’s 64T64R Massive MIMO radios reaching peak speeds of more than 300 Mbps using a single 20 MHz channel of 2.5 GHz spectrum.
For both field trials, Ericsson provided the radio network infrastructure and backhaul equipment. Sprint and Ericsson together developed the test cases and requirements, which included a variety of performance scenarios involving multi-user and non-stationary testing. The Radio Network infrastructure included Ericsson’s next-generation 5G-ready AIR6468 radio, and the backhaul equipment utilized the MINI-LINK 6352 R2 microwave radios which can provide up to 10 Gbps of backhaul, future proofing the network for 5G.
From health care to transportation to energy, the United States will experience tremendous opportunities from a boom in new technologies, Rajeev Suri, president and CEO of Nokia, told an audience at the MWC Americas conference in San Francisco this week.
Suri spoke during the session, “The Fourth Industrial Revolution,” which borrowed its name from a book by Prof. Klaus Schwab, founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum, who theorized about the societal impact of advances in robotics, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, the Internet of Things, 3D printing and autonomous vehicles.
The coming industrial revolution has the potential to create an impressive $750 billion in additional revenue and $300 billion in EBITDA in 2028 to telcos, according to Suri.
During what is known as the American Century (1900-2000), the country saw the first three revolutions. Advancements in physical infrastructure technologies provided the foundation for growth: energy, transportation, health and sanitation, and communications networks. Equally important, Suri said, was the spread of those advancements to all sectors of society.
“I deeply believe that we are on the cusp of not just a new technological revolution, but a new productivity revolution,” Suri said. “One that means good things for people everywhere and provides new opportunities for businesses of all kinds.”
Suri said there are digital equivalents to the advancements made in the last century: digital energy, digital transportation, digital health, and digital communications, plus an additional one: decentralized digital production. He summarized the positive impact of each.
“We see a future where the world effectively balances the ebb and flow of the energy across a smart power grid, distributing a smarter combination of energy resources, dynamically matching energy consumption,” he said.
“To deal with today’s congested infrastructure, autonomous vehicles will use 100s of sensors and artificial intelligence to enable the perfectly choreographed movement of traffic,” he said.
“We see a world where a highly connected digital healthcare system supersedes the physical constraints of the hospital and doctor’s office. Doctor’s will make digital house calls. There will be continuous monitoring to diagnose illnesses before they spread. Add in some artificial intelligence and some digital robots and you may see the holy grail of lower costs and better outcomes,” he said.
“Networks will provide the IP layer to transform other physical infrastructure. At some point, it will be hard to distinguish the digital and the physical as they blend seamlessly to support industries and individuals,” he said.
The current production model will experience the equivalent of the Big Bang, where centralized mass production will be replaced by local micro-factories. Using 3D printers, maximized customization will be achieved for the customers with near zero inventory.
The Technological Tipping Point
These five technological areas are expected to reach a tipping point, where similar to the 1950s, enabling the United States to experience a 30-35 percent productivity jump in the five-year period from 2028 to 2033, add trillions of dollars to the U.S. economy. But there will be benefits, such as an 80 percent in revenue growth, for early adopters in the near term serving enterprise solutions, Suri said.
“Early movers in the telco industry will have a strong competitive advantage and be able to deliver strong EBITDA growth by focusing on enterprise investments,” Suri said. “By 2018, the telco industry is expected to generate $150 billion in EBITDA as a result of focusing on enterprise solutions.”
For the fourth industrial revolution to become a reality, several things must happen. Advancements must be made in artificial intelligence, virtual reality and augmented reality. Additionally, advancements in the five technological areas must be widespread with adoption across all strata of society. And, most important, billions must be invested in the telecom infrastructure.
J. Sharpe Smith is senior editor of the AGL eDigest. He joined AGL in 2007 as contributing editor to the magazine and as editor of eDigest email newsletter. He has 27 years of experience writing about industrial communications, paging, cellular, small cells, DAS and towers. Previously, he worked for the Enterprise Wireless Alliance as editor of the Enterprise Wireless Magazine. Before that, he edited the Wireless Journal for CTIA and he began his wireless journalism career with Phillips Publishing, now Access Intelligence.