Verizon today announced that it has plans to launch 5G technology in Houston as part of its four market 5G plan in the second half of 2018. Verizon previously announced Sacramento and Los Angeles.
AT&T announced last week that it is adding Charlotte and Raleigh, North Carolina; and Oklahoma City to its list of cities where it is building out 5G. These cities will join its previously announced cities of Dallas, Atlanta and Waco, Texas. Before the end of the year six more cities will join the list. But it will not have the features that the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), originally intended for the 5thgeneration of wireless.
The 3GPP, which comprises seven telecom standard groups, uses a calendar-based plan for successive releases designed to provide developers with a stable platform for the implementation of additional features. Originally, the features that comprise the 5G standard were due out at in October 2020 with Release 16. Then the “race to 5G” began on a number of different levels, from government spectrum allocation to carrier marketers.
According to sources, pressure the marketing departments pushed 3GPP to move its deadline for Release 16 back to the end of 2019; and Release 15, which gave us the non-standalone “New Radio” was renamed 5G Phase 1 and Release 16 became 5G Phase 2.
Release 16 will have more features than Release 15, more capacity, a platform for IoT and additional spectrum bands.
All headlines aside, even when Release 16 comes out at the end of next year, it will still take 12 to 18 months to produce product, test it and deploy it in the field. So consumers will not begin to experience full-featured 5G until the late 2020-2021 timeframe.
The two-step process created for 5G actually might be good for towers. Release 15 requires new radios be installed on all the towers, and Release 16 will require another touch on the towers with new antennas. This might explain the pressure from AT&T to lower its costs for amendments to existing towers.
Meanwhile, Back at the LTE Deployment
While 5G has all the cache, the real advancements regarding data speed are coming from the AT&T’s deployment of LTE Advanced technology (AT&T calls it 5G Evolution), which provides theoretical speeds of 400 megabits per second in 140 markets. Additionally, the carrier has launched LTE-LAA in parts of eight markets –– Austin, Dallas, Houston, San Antonio and Texas; Little Rock, Arkansas; San Jose, California; Tampa, Florida; and Tuscaloosa, Alabama –– bringing it to a total of 15 markets. Using carrier aggregation, LTE-LAA has peak theoretical wireless speeds reaching up to 1 gigabit per second.
J. Sharpe Smith
J. Sharpe Smith joined AGL in 2007 as contributing editor to the magazine and as editor of eDigest email newsletter. He has 29 years of experience writing about industrial communications, paging, cellular, small cells, DAS and towers. Previously, he worked for the Enterprise Wireless Alliance as editor of the Enterprise Wireless Magazine. Before that, he edited the Wireless Journal for CTIA and he began his wireless journalism career with Phillips Publishing, now Access Intelligence. Sharpe Smith may be contacted at: [email protected]