5G Americas, a membership organization of telecommunications service providers and manufacturers known as the voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas, has published white paper, “Vehicular Connectivity: C-V2X and 5G,” which covers the effects of 5G-based cellular vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) technologies on vehicles, embedded infrastructure and intelligent transportation networks.
“Enhanced standards and new spectrum dedicated to 5G cellular vehicle-to-everything technologies are providing new possibilities for connected vehicles,” said Chris Pearson, president of 5G Americas. “Stakeholders like automotive manufacturers, city transportation planners, mobile network operators, and app developers are looking at ways of harnessing this new connectivity to create entirely new business models.”
According to 5G Americas, as 5G wireless cellular networks gain prominence globally, mobile connectivity for vehicles is increasingly gaining influence. Therefore, there is growing global momentum in C-V2X based trials with early deployments from several automotive OEMs and strong progress in the United States, Latin America, Europe and Asia, the organization said.
Although the FCC has allocated 30 megahertz of spectrum in the 5.9 GHz ITS band, more advanced connected vehicle services will need at least 40 megahertz, as specified by the 5G Automotive Association. At the same time, C-V2X practitioners will need to be aware of additional deployment considerations, such as the need for more over-the-air (OTA) software updates and car-to-cloud ecosystem features, a greater need for security and privacy protections, as well as backward compatibility and support for new features.
A 5G Americas technical work group led by network engineering experts from Qualcomm Technologies and other member companies developed and wrote the white paper. Its topics include connectity requirements for 5G and C-V2X for different ITS services using vehicle-to-infrastructure or vehicle-to-network models, and the spectrum needs and requirements for 5G and C-V2X.
Additional topics are new business models and opportunities for stakeholders such as network and RSU operators, automotive OEMs and third-party application developers. The paper also covers security considerations and recommendations, and it summarizes the evolution path and new features for C-V2X technologies.
“The combination of C-V2X and 5G provides tools that allow road operators to transform transportation safety and efficiency. The opportunities and capabilities unlocked by these technologies are indeed significant,” said Hong Cheng, principal engineer at Qualcomm Technologies and technical work group lead for 5G Americas.
5G Americas’ board of governors members include Airspan Networks, AT&T, Ciena, Cisco, Crown Castle, Ericsson, Intel, Liberty Latin America, Mavenir, Nokia, Qualcomm Technologies, Samsung, Shaw Communications, T-Mobile US, Telefónica, VMware and WOM.
5G Americas offers the white paper at www.5gamericas.org/vehicular-connectivity-c-v2x-and-5g.